Turkish War of Independence (1918-1922)

The Turkish war of independence can be said to have begun with the landing of Mustafa Kemal in Samsun on the 19th of May 1919. These were difficult times as the conditions around him were very intense but he instigated a national struggle against the foreign oppression in Anatolia. The charismatic individual that he was, Mustafa Kemal soon became the leader of the National struggle movement which was fast gaining both size and momentum. In the summer of 1919 two congresses were held in Erzurum and Sivas in which the declaration of the objectives of this mission were made.Turkish Army

National Leader Turkish War of Independence

Concurrent to the foreign occupation of Istanbul on 23rd April Mustafa Kemal set up the Turkish Grand National Assembly. He also set up a new provisional government with its center at Ankara. It was this day that saw Mustafa Kemal become President of the Grand National Assembly. It was not long before the Greeks started to advance towards Bursa and Eskisehir but the Turkish forces managed to crush the opposition under the leader ship of Colonel Ismet. Six months later the Greeks attacked from the front with a stronger military force in Sakarya. The battle of Sakarya lasted from 23rd of August till the 13th of September with Greece losing in the end. It was after this war that Mustafa Kemal was given the title of Ghazi by his assembly. Determined to put an end to foreign occupation he launched a full fledged attack on the 26th of August 1922. The end result was that the enemy forces were captured and killed and forced to flee away with the eventual victory coming in the city of Izmer.

History of Turkish War of Independence

Although Ataturk was a courageous leader the opinions about him are divided. Whereas the general Turkish public love and admire him even till today, those influenced by the years of Islamic rule have an opinion quite the contrary. To them the man made laws that were enforced by Ataturk are inferior to the law of God that was once prevalent in Turkey. A point to be noted here is that it was the inability of the Ottomans to maintain a strict adherence to sharia law which led to the decline of the Ottoman Empire and the rise of modern Turkey. During the earlier half of the Ottoman rule there was much more progress and satisfaction and that was solely due to the fact that the Muslims of that time lived their lives according to the principles of their religion. None the less modern Turkey is void of the influence of the Ottoman Empire in principle and has adopted the principles of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.


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